The research question answered in this paper was, in order to implement effective pronunciation instruction, to what extent does fossilization affect adult learners' ability to acquire another language? The concluding research found that despite adult English learners’ (EL) long exposure to the target language, some ELs find themselves unable to progress in their second language development due to fossilization. Thus, ultimate attainment to achieve native-like comprehensibility becomes difficult, but not impossible. The literature researches the details of fossilization, phonemic awareness, and best approaches for pronunciation instruction in the classroom. The paper includes a complementary curriculum project that comprises /l/ and /r/ phoneme production for adult ELs. The curriculum includes a unit overview complete with lesson plans that emphasize /l/ and /r/ phoneme production through a sequence of phases: Description and Analysis, Listening Discrimination, Controlled Practice and Feedback, Guided Practice and Feedback, and Communicative Practice and Feedback.
Adult Education, Curriculum, ESL/ ELLs
Chandavong, Sacha, "Fossilization Of L And R Phonemes And Effective Pronunciation Teaching Practices For Adult English Language Students" (2018). School of Education and Leadership Student Capstone Projects. 162.
School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations