Capstone Project Title
For many years, students were discouraged from using their first language. In the classroom, rules were set on only using English as soon as they entered the room, and signs were hung on the walls that encouraged them to only speak the target language. However, research now shows using a student’s native language can actually enhance their learning. This capstone uses pre-surveys, post-surveys, and 4 sessions of professional development to help answer the capstone question, In what ways can educators best support adult Hmong L1 learners to accomplish their English goals while uplifting and valuing their linguistic and cultural roots? The implications of this topic are that there is more research to be done since it is a vast topic. The research concludes that when educators encourage adult students to use their native language as a tool to help learn the target language through code-switching there is a positive impact on their education.
Adult Education, ESL/ ELLs, Motivation, Code-Switching
Hightower, Morgan, "BEST PRACTICES FOR CODE-SWITCHING IN THE HMONG ADULT ELL CLASSROOM" (2020). School of Education Student Capstone Projects. 499.
School of Education Student Capstone Projects