Spring 2017



Degree Name


Primary Advisor/Dissertation Chair

Barbara Swanson

Secondary Advisor/Reader One

Stanley H. Brown

Peer-Reviewer/Reader Two

Patience Togo


The purpose of this study was to examine Seven Out of School Factors common among the poor that significantly affect the health and learning opportunities of children. In depth interviews were employed to allow six Family Advocates to answer interview questions regarding their experiences in witnessing the the seven factors. Findings suggest that many children possess one or more of the factors which are related to a host of poverty-induced physical, sociological, and psychological problems that children often bring to school, ranging from neurological damage and attention disorders to excessive absenteeism, linguistic underdevelopment, and oppositional behavior. Implications for future research include the possibility that home-visiting can stand out as a good practice to assist families who are suffering in poverty and overwhelmed by systems that need significant change as social circumstances continue to grow for the poor in our society.

Research Methodology