Summer 6-19-2015



Degree Name


Primary Advisor/Dissertation Chair

Walter Enloe

Secondary Advisor/Reader One

Bradley Sidle

Peer-Reviewer/Reader Two

Savanah Grams


The research question addressed in this project was, can the integration of play and games with rules into the first-grade Language Arts curriculum improve the oral speaking and reading skills for English language learners? To investigate the answer to that question, I studied how a child’s first language develops. For children who learn a second language, Krashen’s models were utilized in learning how a second language is acquired. Play and games with rules are defined. Looking primarily to Piaget and Vigotsky, I learned about the development of the child, play, games with rules and how a child learns through play. The development of literacy was explored. When designing curriculum, the development of the child has to be taken into consideration. Lastly, looking to the model formulated by Wiggins & McTighe, I designed a curriculum that integrates games with rules and play into the first-grade language arts curriculum for English language learners.


Curriculum, ESL/ ELLs, Literacy, integration of play into curriculum

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